The overall vision of the transportation sector is “to achieve an adequate, safe, environmentally friendly, efficient, affordable and sustainable integrated transport system within the framework of a progressive and competitive market economy for Nigeria”.
This vision has been broken down into the following sub-sector strategic goals.
- Develop, operate and maintain a safe, efficient and effective road network
- Facilitate economic and social development through efficient movement of people and goods
- Enhance connectivity between economic centres of the country
- Improve linkages to other transport modes to enhance intermodal transportation
- Secure funding from the private sector, multilateral agencies and concessionary loans for highway development
- Provide adequate rail infrastructure for even economic development of the country
- Sustain continued rail network rebuilding and expansion so that rail services are commercially viable, both passenger and freight
- Develop capacity to sustain and continuously improve the quality of rail infrastructure
- Create an enabling environment for private sector participation in the provision of road and rail infrastructure
- Provide a safe, secure and comfortable air transport sector that is self-sustaining and pivotal to socio-economic growth, in line with international best practice
- Transform the aviation industry into an efficient, profitable, self-sustaining, effective and preferred mode of transportation
- Establish Nigeria as the regional aviation hub in West Africa
Provide safe, efficient and cost-effective maritime transport services for the country, ensuring all waterways are fully navigable
- Significantly increase the capacity of and emphasis on inland waterways transportation
- Attain enhanced performance and competitiveness of seaports
- Improve port productivity and competitiveness
- Implement a port management model that attracts full private sector involvement and promotes market principles
- Establish Nigeria as a regional port hub
- Develop capacity to sustain and continuously improve the quality of transport services, access control and land use policy in major urban areas;
- Set the base for urban rail transport: introduce Rail Mass Transit in urban areas of over 1 million people (urban rail and rolling stock);
- Secure funding from the private sector, multilateral agencies and concessionary loans to embark on Transit Oriented Development (TOD) (using Abuja transit-way as a model);
- Develop, operate and maintain Urban Traffic Control systems (UTC);
- Improve the public transport planning and regulatory function.
Based on these strategic goals, a set of objectives have been established for the sub-sectors.
The dominating pillar of the Nigerian transport sector is the road network. With a road density of 21 km per 100 km2, Nigeria is clearly ahead of the West African average but behind international and BRICS benchmarks. Furthermore, most roads are in very poor or poor condition. Hence improving the condition of most highway roads is a central priority; as is expanding the capacity of the national road network in order to significantly enhance connectivity between the northern and southern economic centres of the country in the short to medium term. Furthermore, the rehabilitation of all major economic routes is envisaged, with a subsequent dualisation of the major North-South and East-West routes by 2043.
In the short to medium term, the rail network needs to be almost completely rehabilitated or rebuilt, with significant expansions which will also cover linkages to other modes of transportation such as ports and airports. This will substantially increase the emphasis on rail transport. The long-term vision for 2043 envisages a high-speed rail network between major Nigerian cities, transforming the rail sector into an adequate and viable transport option for passengers and freight, and for rail to connect to neighbouring countries in order to become a viable transport option for the ECOWAS region.
- Aviation – In the short term, the aviation sector envisages rehabilitating and scaling up the existing airport infrastructure, to meet the requirements of increased (and further increasing) air passenger traffic. Further emphasis is placed on improving airport and airline security to align with international standards by 2023, and coupling this with the expansion and improvement of the nation’s international airports. The 2043 goal for Nigeria is to become the undisputed aviation hub in the region.
- Maritime – The maritime sector aspires to significantly increase its capacity and emphasis is on transportation of passengers and freight via inland waterways, expand current port throughput, and establish Nigeria as a regional port hub. This requires rendering significant investment in port infrastructure, rendering the inland waterways network navigable all year round and building human and physical capacity for inland water navigation and deep seaports in the short term. Ramping up the performance, efficiency and competitiveness of the ports and inland waterways is a central priority for 2023. For that purpose, a set of requirements have to be met, in particular, reducing vessel turnaround time, fostering inter-port competition, and improving safety and security at the ports. Nigeria’s aspiration in the maritime sub-sector is to be the major seaport hub for West Africa by 2043.
- Urban Transport –The urban transportation consists of core transport infrastructure (road and rail), public transportation infrastructure (bus lanes, walkways, bus stations), and fleet (buses, taxis, ferries). Urban transportation aspires to develop the capacity to sustain and continuously improve the quality of transport services in urban areas. In the short term, the focus will be to conduct maintenance on roads in urban areas, introduce high-capacity buses to alleviate congestion in worst areas and modernise terminals, hubs, and motor parks. In the medium term, the focus will be on introducing Rail mass transit in urban areas of over 1 million people (urban rail and rolling stock) starting with Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Kaduna and Kano. By 2043, the vision is to have functioning urban transportation in all major cities and an urban rail network in all cities with population greater than one million.