The ICT sector’s vision is based on 3 pillars:
- Knowledge-based economy – build the technological capabilities and capacity to support a knowledge-based economy;
- ICT contribution to GDP – increase ICT contribution to the economy by:
- Using ICT as a wealth creation platform through job creation and entrepreneurial development,
- Establishing Nigeria as a regional hub for ICT-based services (call centres, BPO/micro-working, analytics);
- E-governance – enable efficiency, transparency and accessibility across government.
These objectives have been broken down into specific short-term goals.
- To support the development of knowledge-based economy, the specific short-term goals are:
- Provide universal access to computing devices and connectivity;
- Improve computer literacy and proficiency for all;
- Develop a larger cohort of specialised IT professionals.
- To increase the ICT contribution to GDP, the short-term goals are:
- Increase local content in software development;
- Create an enabling environment for ICT-based entrepreneurs;
- Establish Nigeria as a regional hub for ICT-based services (film, call centres, BPO, analytics);
- Incentivise multinational corporations (MNCs) to establish regional headquarters and operations in Nigeria.
- To improve e-governance, the identified short-term goals are:
- Create seamless access to data and services from Federal, State and Local Government for all citizens, businesses and employees;
- Automate government processes and systems to improve efficiency (G2G, G2C, G2B).
Specific targets for each ICT pillar are as follows:
For the knowledge-based economy pillar, a set of interim targets for the next five years relating to hardware and connectivity have been identified.
- For hardware:
- extend the share of homes with access to computing devices to 50 per cent in 2018 (from 20-25 per cent currently)
- increase the number of public institutions (e.g., hospitals, police) with access to ICT hardware from 10 per cent currently to 50 per cent
- For connectivity,
- 100 per cent mobile penetration
- 80 per cent broadband penetration
For ICT contribution to GDP, there are clear targets to assist in developing the local Nigerian ICT industry.
- increase ICT’s contribution to GDP from 6.5 per cent to 15 per cent in 2043
- increase local software usage from 0.01 per cent to 20 per cent by 2043
- digitalize all government institutions and services by 2023, from the current levels of about 25 per cent
The current infrastructure stock will not be able to support the outlined targets. Hence, Nigeria needs to expand its current infrastructure stock in line with international benchmarks, especially last mile connection infrastructure (base stations, microwaves, fibre and satellites) and the national backbone to support its strategy of providing broadband access to 80 per cent of the population by 2018.
In the short term, Nigeria plans to quadruple the number of base stations and add 10,000km of fibre. In the latter part of the NIIMP, the incremental number of base stations will decline in favour of fibre.