In order to successfully build the required infrastructure, consideration has to be given to the creation of ‘engineering infrastructure’, which comprises of:
■ Infrastructure standards – Development and enforcement of industry standards is necessary to manage the quality of developed infrastructure and to be able to audit and validate developed infrastructure, as well as package new projects for PPP, ensuring consistent high-quality delivery of infrastructure;
■ Technologies for infrastructure development – modern construction technologies need to be acquired and developed to ensure cost effective and high quality provision of infrastructure;
■ Availability of raw materials - Promotion of local industrial development would be prioritised to ensure availability of critical input materials, such as steel, road construction materials, etc., in the medium-to long-term. In the short-term, there is need to establish the best way to source materials, which will be required at significantly higher volumes than in the past. Nigeria occupies the 12th position in the world in terms of iron ore deposits; yet the current production volume of steel is only approximately 0.4 Mtpa, significantly lower than for example, South Africa (8.5 Mtpa), Brazil (33 Mtpa) or India (67 Mtpa). Similarly, considerations would be given to other construction materials, such as asphalt for roads, glass, and other metals. Only in cement industry has Nigeria achieved self-sufficiency to date, however, even in this area considerations would be given to specialty cement availability.